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Department of Archaeology I Faculty of Humanities I University of Haifa

el-Wad Terrace

El-Wad Terrace is located in the Carmel Mountains and represents a long-term Natufian occupation. The site is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nahal Me’arot. During the recent excavations several structures were found as well as bedrock features, burials and a high density of finds. The groundstone tool assemblage is dominated by basalt pestles, some at least may have been deliberately broken (based on the discard patterns). A large-scale provenance study we conducted recently in collaboration with T. Gluhak from the University of Mainz showed that the majority of the pestles analyzed were made of basaltic sources around the Sea of Galilee, ca. 60-120 km from the site. Other stone tools include vessels, mortars and grooved items.

Relevant publications:

Rosenberg D., Kaufman D., Yeshurun R., and Weinstein-Evron M. 2012. The broken record: The Natufian ground stone assemblage from el-Wad Terrace (Mount Carmel, Israel) – attributes and their interpretation. Eurasian Prehistory 9(1–2): 93–128.

Groman-Yaroslavski, I., Rosenberg, D., Yeshurun, R., Kaufman, D., and Weinstein-Evron, M. 2016. The function of Early Natufian grooved artefacts from el-Wad Terrace, Mount Carmel, Israel: Preliminary results of a use-wear analysis. Journal of Lithic Studies 3(3): 221–242.

Weinstein-Evron, M., Yeshurun, R., Ashkenzy, H., Chasan, R., Rosenberg, D., Bachrach, N., Boaretto, E., Caracuta, V., and Kaufman, D. After 80 years – Deeper in the Natufian layers of el-Wad Terrace, Mount Carmel, Israel. Journal of the Israel Prehistory Society 48: 6–61.

Rosenberg, D., Gluhak, T.M., Kaufman, D., Yeshurun, R.., and Weinstein-Evron, M. 2021. Exploring exchange and direct procurement strategies for Natufian food processing tools of el-Wad Terrace, Israel. Scientific Reports 11: 9480.